There is alsoa desire for advance consultation with residentsand local organisations on new planting, and inparticular on the choice of species and theirlocation, for more frequent pruning of trees, andfor better care of young trees in particular. Landmark TreesThe District Councils Landmark treeinitiative is designed to allow thecommunity, via their tree wardens and withthe owners agreement, to designate treesthat have a particular local prominence. Thismay be because of their visual prominence,outstanding form, great age, or associationwith an important person or event. With theagreement of their owners these thenbecome the Landmark trees of the parish.The district council undertakes to givepriority to owners of Landmark trees whoare in need of advice on their care. A treepreservation order may cover someLandmark trees, however the Landmark tree scheme is intended to work throughcooperation and recognition of the value of trees to the community, rather than compulsion.
The council will not give consent to fell a tree orwoodland protected by a tree preservation orderunless it is satisfied that this is necessary andjustified. Other than for woodland any suchconsent will be conditional upon appropriatereplacement of the tree. Where appropriate involve the managementof part or all of the remainder of the site toenhance its contribution to the landscape. Theoldest are strategic orders made by EssexCounty Council in the 1950s, covering RedoakWood, Gaunts Wood, The Vicarage and ThriftsHall; others cover the whole of substantialproperties such as Birch Hall. More recent oneshowever have been made to protect selectedgarden trees in advance of development. To increase public awareness andunderstanding of trees in the countryside.
The specific actions to achieve these aims willbe set out by the District Council in a separateaction plan. In general they require cooperationbetween define: lapidary the various authorities, the communityand landowners. To increase understanding of, andinvolvement with, tree conservation and management.
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Waltham, thesouthernmost of these, was considerably thelargest. It included much of the south and westof what is now Epping Forest District and alsothe adjoining London boroughs. Epping Forestand Wintry Wood are the remaining parts ofWaltham Forest.
There are strong policies in the Epping ForestDistrict Local Plan, that are rigorously enforced toensure that important trees are not lost ordamaged as a result of development, and thatnew building has appropriate and effectivelandscaping. Threats to trees range fromdomestic extensions that would come to close toindividual trees, with the risk of damage to theirroots, to major applications in the countryside,with the potential to cause major loss of treesand woodland. An example would be theproposal for a golf course at Blunts Farm, where,however, the most valuable trees and the ancientwood are now all protected, and shown to beretained in line with the planning conditions forthe development.
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However the hedge respondedwell, and is now regularly, if a little severelymanaged, together with the grassed area beyond. The soil of the parish is otherwise formed fromthe underlying London Clay, which was laiddown under warm seas millions of years ago. Bynature it is heavy and difficult to work, wet in thewinter and dry in the summer and therefore goodland for grass, but not for ploughing.
This map is particularly helpful because themapmakers took great pains, to record not only the woods, but alsohedgerows and even individual trees. Itillustrates a landscape connected directly tomedieval times, and which would have seemedfamiliar to an Anglo-Saxon, or even a Roman. North of the river areopen meadows, indicated as liable to flood.South of the railway is an intricate pattern ofsmall fields, some with individual trees, mostwith hedgerows. To the west, just outside theparish boundary, is a wood called Long Shaw,mentioned by John Hunter in The EssexLandscape, as containing apple and crab appletrees, and also some ancient oak and hornbeampollards, indicating that it was once woodpasture. It may have been converted intowoodland in the 17th or 18th century. Woodlandis shown south of Blunts Farm, as well as thetwo woods to the north.